Literature books – Litary http://litary.net/ Wed, 18 May 2022 14:12:55 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://litary.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/cropped-icon-1-32x32.png Literature books – Litary http://litary.net/ 32 32 Review in Brief: New Books by Graham Caveney, Giles Tremlett, Charlotte Van den Broeck and Chitra Ramaswamy https://litary.net/review-in-brief-new-books-by-graham-caveney-giles-tremlett-charlotte-van-den-broeck-and-chitra-ramaswamy/ Wed, 18 May 2022 13:39:50 +0000 https://litary.net/review-in-brief-new-books-by-graham-caveney-giles-tremlett-charlotte-van-den-broeck-and-chitra-ramaswamy/

From Agoraphobia by Graham Caveney
Picador, 208 pages, £12.99

“If we’re talking about agoraphobia, we’re talking about books,” writes author Graham Caveney in this short but voluminous tome exploring his all-consuming fear of open spaces. Confined to his home, he escapes through reading. The first agoraphobe he encountered through a book, he realized years later, was Harper Lee’s reclusive Boo Radley — but the literary world is full of people like him. Caveney draws on literature, history and philosophy to better understand his condition, and writes in fragmentary prose. His own story is written in the margins. He writes about the alcoholism that nearly killed him, and about his support group, where fellow agoraphobes trade coping strategies and lines: “Agoraphobia: Don’t Leave Without It.”

Caveney traces the roots of his phobia to the sexual abuse he suffered from a Catholic priest as a child. Later he pursued the Marist order and his agoraphobia became evident. “The process taught me how slippery, capricious and biased our stories can be…” he writes. “Lives are messy, contingent, mysterious. Our stories about them should never be overly polished, but disturb and surprise, making us as different from ourselves as from others. This gripping book embraces slipperiness, disorder and mystery.
By Sophie McBain

España: A Brief History of Spain by Giles Tremlett
Head of Zeus, 320pp, £25

“Spain is different” was the slogan concocted during the Franco years to attract tourists from Western Europe to the costas. It captured a deeper truth: the country is indeed strangely and often intoxicatingly distinct from the rest of Europe. But why? Giles Tremlett, a seasoned Madrid correspondent, offers an excellent roundup of history that explains it all. From the geological foundations of the Iberian Peninsula to the Eurozone crisis and beyond, his new book places geography at the heart of his argument. In many ways, Spain stands at the crossroads of history: a meeting point between the European, Atlantic, Levantine and African worlds. Yet it is also with Portugal a peninsula at the southwestern tip of Europe. It is both central and peripheral.

In Tremlett’s quick and readable account, the country’s past plays out like a contest between these two realities and the contradictory forces they produce: those of purist isolation and heterodox openness. Spain emerges from his narrative as a stone fortress still able to absorb newcomers (from the Romans, Visigoths and Moors to virtually every twentieth-century “-ism”), a synthesis of insularity and integration.
By Jeremy Cliffe

Bold Ventures by Charlotte Van den Broeck, translated by David McKay
Vintage, 304 pages, £16.99

Are architects more susceptible than other artists? This is the conclusion of Charlotte Van den Broeck, a Belgian poet fascinated by the mirroring of the architectural flaws and the psychological flaws of their creators. His book examines 13 buildings that have been implicated in the suicides of their architects. Case studies include Eduard van der Nüll, an architect of the Vienna State Opera who committed suicide because of the critical opprobrium the building received; the great Baroque architect Francesco Borromini, who committed suicide while struggling with the design of a church; and the architects of a Washington DC movie theater who committed suicide in the years after a fatal roof collapse.

Except, however, that all of his deaths had nothing to do with the buildings. Indeed, Van den Broeck’s book is less about her case studies and more about herself and the nature of creativity, as if she fears that her own mental scaffolding isn’t strong enough to support her life as an artist. writer. Less of his personal stucco and more bricks and mortar would have helped.
By Michael Prodger

Homelands: The Story of a Friendship by Chitra Ramaswamy
Canongate, 368 pages, £16.99

Fleeing Nazi Germany, Henry Wuga arrived in Britain in the late 1930s on the Kindertransport. He married in Glasgow and worked as a baker before starting his own kosher business. Journalist Chitra Ramaswamy, born in the 1970s to Indian migrant parents, was sent to interview Wuga for a story about the experience of refugees living in Scotland. Despite their different backgrounds, they have developed a close friendship against the backdrop of Brexit, rising anti-Semitism and the rise of the far right.

Content from our partners

How to secure the hybrid office?

How materials innovation can help achieve net zero and improve the UK

Fantastic Mental Wellness Strategies and Where to Find Them

Ramaswamy tells the story of Wuga from Nuremberg to Scotland (including stays in many British internment camps), inserting details of his own life. As she goes, she asks herself: what constitutes a home? Ultimately, she discovers that there is no real answer beyond the fact that “disorientation is the true birthplace of millions of us.” Inspired by James Baldwin and WG Sebald Austerlitz, Homelands is the latest in a proliferating genre of intergenerational memories and an eloquent testimony to the tribulations of national belonging.
By Gavin Jacobson

[See also: Reviewed in short: New books from David Bosco, Emma Smith, Charlotte Philby and John Agard]


]]>
Battle of the Banned Books: The author of a book on the “to destroy” list visits Rapid City https://litary.net/battle-of-the-banned-books-the-author-of-a-book-on-the-to-destroy-list-visits-rapid-city/ Tue, 17 May 2022 20:59:25 +0000 https://litary.net/battle-of-the-banned-books-the-author-of-a-book-on-the-to-destroy-list-visits-rapid-city/

RAPID CITY, SD — Earlier this month, five books were placed on Rapid City-area schools’ list of surplus property to be destroyed.

In a statement, the district said it was because the books contained “explicit and inappropriate sexual content.” Those who oppose it say it is a group of people trying to legislate morality.

Students, teachers and parents have since spoken out, saying the books weren’t mandatory and their removal was a blatant attempt to limit diversity.

“As a senior myself, I felt really, fair, disrespected being told what I can and can’t read because maybe it’s too mature for my age,” Colton Porter said. , senior at Central High School. “I just got angry, just upset, because it became clear that the people who were advocating the destruction of these books didn’t understand what these books were being read for.”

Porter says he could see where “Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic” might be questionable — based on district politics — but doesn’t understand why the other four are objectionable.

Many gathered outside Mitzi’s Books in the Shops at Main Street Square on Monday evening for a community conversation. The event was standing room only. Several students spoke of the impact these books had on them, making them feel less alone and learn more about themselves at this pivotal time in human experience.

“Just in general, books tell us about the world; just teach us about different aspects of the world, about different people, about different things people go through,” says Nancy Swanson, chair of the South Dakota Library Association’s Intellectual Freedom Committee. “It’s so revealing.”

The five books marked for destruction: “The Circle”, “The Perks of Being a Wallflower”, “Girl, Woman, Other”, “How Beautiful We Were” and “Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic”

Others said that as young adults, about to be released into the world, it was important that they were as prepared as possible for the challenges ahead.

Some asked why people tried to legislate discomfort.

“Honestly, anyone can probably walk into a library and find something that offends them,” says Shari Theroux, president of the South Dakota Library Association. “But, you know, you have the freedom not to read it, and everyone has the freedom to read whatever they want to read.”

One of the authors whose book is withdrawn says there is nothing more un-American than the destruction of literature.

“This is a country built on freedom of thought and intellectual freedom for all,” says author Dave Eggers, whose book, “The Circle,” is on the to-destroy list. “As we stand 25 minutes from Mount Rushmore, these four stone-hewn heads would weep knowing that books were not only being pulled from shelves – depriving young adults – but destroyed.”

The school district says they are still investigating, but Porter says the books are missing from the library.

Journalist: “Do you think you would feel differently if they were banned or destroyed?”

“For me, there is no difference. Because anyway, no matter the outcome, I can’t read them,” Porter says.

Porter and many others – including Shari Theroux and Nancy Swanson – agree that the decision to read or not to read a title should be a family affair. Porter says a group of people shouldn’t come to the board to “unilaterally ban” titles just because they themselves don’t agree.

Proving that the action taken to remove these titles could have the opposite effect.

“When you challenge books, it’s usually going to get into the news and that sort of thing,” Swanson says. “Really what it does is bring more attention to these conversations that we probably should be having anyway.”

Eggers also read letters from other authors whose books are withdrawn. One wrote, “Which society has profited from the burning of books? As a student of history, I can tell you that there is none.

Eggers himself saying, “You don’t want to be in the company of book burners.”

Rapid City-area schools community relations officer Caitlin Pierson said in a statement that district attorneys are “investigating the contents of these books” to see if they could be sold or destroyed.

The item does not appear for discussion on the agenda for Tuesday evening’s school board meeting.

Categories: ConnectCenter1-Culture and Art, Local News
]]>
Green leaves Meanjin | Books+Publishing https://litary.net/green-leaves-meanjin-bookspublishing/ Mon, 16 May 2022 23:29:16 +0000 https://litary.net/green-leaves-meanjin-bookspublishing/

Meanjin editor Jonathan Green has announced that the December 2022 edition of the literary journal will be his last.

Green, who has held the position since 2015, is the 11th editor in the magazine’s 81-year history.

“It has been a great privilege to edit a publication so intrinsic to the history of postcolonial ideas and the literary culture of this country,” said Green. “This is a time when an elevated and curious public conversation is more important than ever. I would like to think that the Meanjin the editions I produced supported this public culture. I would like to thank the hundreds of Australian writers who trusted me with their words and ideas. Why go there now? For me, it’s time. I’m happy with what I’ve done, but I’m also looking forward to the magazine getting the boost of life that new editorial management can bring.

Meanjin is published Melbourne University Publishing (MUP). MUP CEO Nathan Hollier praised Green for “an outstanding job as editor”.

“Under his editorial direction, the magazine has been a key site for the discussion of the most important issues in Australian society and culture and has maintained the highest standards of literary quality. Jonathan was also a valued colleague and will be missed. We wish him good luck in his next projects.

A statement of Meanjin said a new editor would start in the last quarter of 2022, with the role to be announced “in the coming weeks”.

Photo: Jonathan Green by Peter Giafis.

Category: Local news

]]>
Adults are revisiting these favorite childhood books – PR News Blog https://litary.net/adults-are-revisiting-these-favorite-childhood-books-pr-news-blog/ Mon, 16 May 2022 13:44:16 +0000 https://litary.net/adults-are-revisiting-these-favorite-childhood-books-pr-news-blog/

By Aleksandra Vayntraub // SWNS
NEWS COPY WITH VIDEO + INFOGRAPHICS
More than half (54%) of Americans say they return to their childhood by reading the books they loved as children, including 62% of people over 77.
A new survey asked 2,000 American adults about their favorite childhood picture books and found Stan Berenstain’s “The Berenstain Bears” books came out on top with 31%.
Other popular picks include Shel Silverstein’s “The Giving Tree” (30%), Beatrix Potter’s “The Tale of Peter Rabbit” (30%) and Margaret Wise Brown’s “Goodnight Moon” (29%).
In the area of ​​books with chapters, respondents cited “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” by Lewis Carroll (24%), “Little House on the Prairie” by Laura Ingalls Wilder (23%) and “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory” by Roald Dahl (22%).
Conducted by OnePoll on behalf of ThriftBooks, the survey also found that half (50%) say they still remember every line of their favorite children’s book, with millennials most likely to say so (56%) .

When asked which children’s books they picked up as adults, people named “Beauty and the Beast,” JK Rowling’s “Harry Potter” series, “The Cat in the Hat” by Dr. Seuss and “Charlotte’s Web” by EB White, among others.

Relatable characters that stuck with readers included Encyclopedia Brown, Harry Potter, Peter Pan, Frodo Baggins, Nancy Drew and Pippi Longstocking.
“Adventurous” (52%) and “kind” (50%) were the character traits of the books people most identified with. Men were more likely than women to identify with generous characters (42% versus 32%). Meanwhile, millennials were much more likely than Gen Xers to identify as courageous (52% vs. 38%), generous (45% vs. 29%) and loyal (47% vs. 33%) characters.
A third said they identified most with children’s book characters who looked like them.
What did people love most about reading books when they were kids? Imagining the fictional characters and worlds were real (42%), getting lost in the story (35%) and looking at the artwork (35%).
The books have also taught many people a valuable life lesson. According to respondents, the most important of these were to ‘always be friendly’, that ‘every living thing has feelings’, ‘laugh at your mistakes’ and ‘to be true to yourself and not allow yourself to be influenced by social pressure”.
“Literature can be both an escape and a powerful educational tool,” said a ThriftBooks spokesperson. “Our results show that books are often the first place people learned about concepts such as kindness (38%), honesty (34%), sharing (33%), cooperation (30%) and bullying (24%). More than seven in 10 (73%) said their parents read to them every night when they were kids, with the average respondent listening to five books a night.
And according to 69%, reading books as a child helped them learn to appreciate literature better as adults.
“Books clearly play an important role during the childhood years and have a lasting effect into adulthood. As summer approaches, it’s important for children to find fun incentives to keep reading. reading challenges can include incentives for students and adults to buy more books during the summer months,” the spokesperson added. “Adults can also keep the reading fun going by exploring new versions of classics. familiar.”
BEST MOMS IN CHILDREN’S LITERATURE
Ma Ingalls from “Little House on the Prairie” by Laura Ingalls Wilder – 33%
Marmee from “Little Women” by Louisa May Alcott – 29%
Molly Weasley from JK Rowling’s “Harry Potter” series – 29%
Charlotte from “Charlotte’s Web” by EB White – 29%
Dr. Kate Murry from “A Wrinkle in Time” by Madeleine L’Engle – 28%
Raksha from “The Jungle Book” by Rudyard Kipling – 28%
Ms. Quimby from Beverly Cleary’s “Ramona” – 28%
THE WORST MOMS IN CHILDREN’S LITERATURE
The Evil Queen from “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” – 40%
Lady Tremaine aka the wicked stepmother from “Cinderella” – 37%
Petunia Dursley from JK Rowling’s “Harry Potter” series – 35%
The mother-in-law of “Hansel and Gretel” – 35%
The other mother of “Coraline” by Neil Gaiman – 33%
Mrs. Wormwood from “Matilda” by Roald Dahl – 32%
The Witch from “Rapunzel” – 27%

source link

]]>
State government to reprint Savarkar’s books: CM | Goa News https://litary.net/state-government-to-reprint-savarkars-books-cm-goa-news/ Sun, 15 May 2022 19:30:00 +0000 https://litary.net/state-government-to-reprint-savarkars-books-cm-goa-news/ Panaji: Most of our country’s history is Western propaganda forced upon us. Veer Savarkar is an unsung hero of Indian freedom struggle but part of the population has only been spreading lies, lies and hatred against him. The Goa government will reprint Savarkar’s books and distribute them to libraries in Goa, Chief Minister Pramod Sawant said at the closing ceremony of a literature festival in Goa on Sunday.
“Veer Savarkar was an unsung hero, who fought the British regime, faced the most brutal punishment. The Government of Goa will make it a point to reprint Savarkar’s books ‘1857 Che Swatantra Samar’ and ‘Gomantak’ on an immediate basis and circulate these books to all libraries in Goa,” Sawant said.
He added that books by author Vikram Sampath, who was at KLF, will also be distributed.
Savarkar’s book ‘Gomantak’ is about the plight of Goans under Portuguese colonial oppression, Sawant said. Goa has always been an integral part of India despite being under Portuguese rule for more than four centuries, the CM said.
He said that while history should be an independent depiction of events of the past, it was not.
“History should be based on facts, not opinions. Unfortunately, in our country, the story that was forced upon us was the propaganda of the West and what they thought of us. They thought we were a country of snake charmers, they thought we were a country of poor people. But my question is, did they invade us because we were poor? The answer is definitely ‘no’,” Sawant said.
The first person to challenge this vicious propaganda was Savarkar, the chief minister said.
“As Indians, we have largely failed to recognize the life and work of this glorious patriot,” he said.
Sawant said that Savarkar through his book ‘1857 Che Swatantra Samar’ challenged the might of the British Empire.
“This book lit the flame of patriotism in many young people and the British regime banned this book. Luckily only one copy of this book was registered with a Goan and that helped get it reprinted,” Sawant said.
The CM said Savarkar also emphasized the importance of being “swayampurna” and started by coining parallel Indian words like “mahapovor” to replace English words like “mayor”.
Sawant also invited the founder of KLF, Sumant Batra, to permanently organize the literary festival in Goa. ]]>
Fun Home, Maus, and the Legacy of Indecent Comics https://litary.net/fun-home-maus-and-the-legacy-of-indecent-comics/ Sat, 14 May 2022 14:00:16 +0000 https://litary.net/fun-home-maus-and-the-legacy-of-indecent-comics/

Recently, there has been a surge in failed and successful attempts to ban certain graphic novels from schools and libraries across the United States. In late March, a Tennessee school board’s decision to ban Art Spigeleman’s Maus as its “inappropriate” depictions of nudity and violence sent shockwaves through the literary world and drew attention to similar attacks on other graphic novels. More recently, a school board in South Dakota voted to temporarily ban Alison Bechdel’s autobiography. fun house: A family tragicomedy after parents claimed the graphic novel, which explores Bechdel’s turbulent relationship with her closeted father, was “pornographic”.


While prohibition decisions Maus and fun house rightly left many people shocked and outraged, these aren’t the first comics to be challenged over their content. From the beginning of the comic book industry, authors, artists and publishers have faced accusations that comic books and the ideas they convey are “indecent” and a threat to the good – to be children. Although many of the outlandish claims used to justify early attempts to ban comic books have been widely discredited, they still influence how many people see the medium.

RELATED: Dave Eggers Counters South Dakota’s Book Ban & Destruction With Free Books


The first recorded objections to comic books were raised almost immediately after the launch of superhero comics in the late 1930s. In a somewhat ironic twist, it was educators who first spoke out against the medium, claiming that comics can have a negative impact on children’s literacy and literary tastes. Soon after, civic and religious groups joined the fray, expressing outrage at the sexualized portrayals of women in comics and the apparent “glorification” of crime. Connecting all of these diverse opinions was the unifying (and to some extent, truthful) belief that comics challenged authority and the prevailing ideological beliefs of the time.


Growing public resentment of comic books finally reached a harsh crescendo in the mid-1950s when Dr. Fredrick Wertham, a renowned New York child psychologist, wrote and published Seduction of the innocent, which claimed that comics not only desensitized children to violence, but were also the main cause of the spike in juvenile delinquency that plagued the post-war United States. While Wertham’s research would later be discredited, the publication of Seduction of the innocent sparked a nationwide moral panic that caused several cities to ban the creation and ownership of comic books and led to public book burnings.


Inspired by Wertham’s sensational accusations, the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency has launched an investigation into the comic book industry, with several industry figures set to be interviewed by Tennessee Senator Estes Kefauver . Fearing that the feds would begin to regulate comics, the industry embraced a form of internalized censorship through the Comics Code Authority, which drafted a strict set of borderline puritanical guidelines that comics should follow. to be sold in most stores. While some publishers rejected the Comics Code by going “underground,” the CCA regulated mainstream comic content for nearly six decades until it was discontinued in 2011.


RELATED: How Satanic Panic and Nerd Culture Relates to Maus

While the CCA and its infamous seal of approval have been history for over a decade, the stigma that inspired its creation is still alive and well. In recent years, comic books and graphic novels have become extremely popular among young readers, and the industry’s many talented authors and artists have used this medium to address issues related to war, race, gender and the LGBTQ+ experience. Thanks to the medium’s accessibility, graphic novels are often children’s and teens’ first encounters with these subjects, and there is ample evidence that reading them has been a life-changing experience for many of them.

Unfortunately, this same accessibility has placed graphic novels in the crosshairs of parents, politicians and religious figures who oppose the ideas that Maus, fun house, and similar comic address. Often these graphic novels, and the libraries and schools that carry them and incorporate them into their curricula, are accused of “preying” on vulnerable children by exposing them to graphic depictions of violence or controversial concepts like critical race theory. This happens even though the overarching stories themselves have nothing directly to do with the concepts.

Driven by the belief that they “corrupt” children, critically acclaimed graphic novels like Marjane Satrapi’s Persepolis and Jillian and Mariko Tamaki This summer have been attacked by parents and political figures. By the end of 2021, Texas State Rep. Matt Krause demanded that more than 850 books be removed from schools and public libraries across the state, illustrating how the belief that comics can having a toxic influence on children has become ubiquitous.

RELATED: What Banning Maus and V for Vendetta Tells Us About Comic Book Censorship

While the explanation behind the recent challenges may be rooted in the current political divide plaguing the United States, the rhetoric follows many of the same beats that were used by Kefauver and Wertham to justify their attempts to stifle the industry. nascent comic strip. Fortunately, while objections against graphic novels that address relevant social issues and represent marginalized voices are likely to continue, educators and young readers will not go down without a fight. Comic book store owners have found ways to get controversial graphic novels into the hands of young readers, and Maus and other disputed books have become online bestsellers as a result of the controversy surrounding them.


While Wertham’s claims that comics would turn children into criminals with no empathy turned out to be wrong, he was right when he claimed that comics could affect the younger generation. Reading exposes people to ideas they may never have encountered in their daily lives, and literature’s unique ability to put readers in other people’s shoes has forced many to confront their own biases. By choosing a graphic novel, young readers step into another world and often return to their own existence with a more balanced understanding of the world around them.


actor ezra miller smiling during interview

New Ezra Miller Bodycam Footage Reveals Violent Threat Against The Flash Star

Read more


About the Author

]]>
How Books and Literature Can Support the Rehabilitation of Indian Prisoners https://litary.net/how-books-and-literature-can-support-the-rehabilitation-of-indian-prisoners/ Fri, 13 May 2022 02:22:38 +0000 https://litary.net/how-books-and-literature-can-support-the-rehabilitation-of-indian-prisoners/

We have a task for all of you. In late October, the first year of the pandemic, activist Devangana Kalita wrote outside. “Please ask women’s organizations and feminist publishers to donate literature, books and pamphlets to Tihar Prison No. 6 so that we can enrich and diversify the library.

By now, Kalita and fellow activist Natasha Narwal had spent months in the overcrowded Tihar prison for an unproven crime. As they wrote letters of love and rage to document their anxieties, the books remained a refrain in their daily lives.

The books always contained within their pages a hope for reform within the judicial system. It was only recently that the South American country Bolivia announced a state program that allows people to capitalize on reading and education – the more an inmate reads, “the fewer days he spends, even weeks, in prison”. A real “Get Out of Jail Free” card.

The resistance lies in books for their ability to empower individuals with knowledge and empathy. But also, reading inspires kinship and community; boldly challenging the prison state and its mandate of solitary confinement. Countries around the world have increased prison library budgets in recent years, and experts have recognized books and education as “evidence-based prison practices” that help reform. A 2014 UK report indicated that people whose attention was preoccupied with literature and reading were 8% less likely to reoffend than those who did not have access to such lessons.

Like other arts-based interventions, the books speak directly to the chasm at the heart of crime and punishment. They insert kindness into a justice system defined by cycles of oppression.

In India, however, the prison structure is an abyss in itself, a void where millions of people languish because of overflowing prisons, deprived of care, adequate hygiene, the right to defend their innocence and the ability to reform and reintegrate into society.

“What is specific to the Indian context regarding the wrongs committed in our communities is that our society is based on Brahmanical patriarchy,” Saumya Dadoo, founder of the Detention Solidarity Network, told The Swaddle last year. And, therefore, “systems of punishment build on existing power dynamics and work to maintain social inequalities.” Governmental and economic forces thus profit from the systemic oppression of vulnerable communities, and subsequently their incarceration.


Related to The Swaddle:

Tell Me More: Talking Prison Reform and Alternative Forms of Justice with Saumya Dadoo


It is therefore no wonder that the Indian state has often gone into the recesses of the judicial system to prohibit access to reading materials or the very existence of libraries in Indian prisons. Even last week, the Union government implored states to exercise caution, urging them to “keep an eye out” for books available in prison libraries, lest reading inspire “anti-national activities”. Earlier this year, activist Gautam Navlakha, arrested for his alleged role in the Bhima Koregaon violence, was denied a PG Wodehouse novel, and last year activist Sudha Bhardwaj was denied John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath and Eric Hobsbawm’s Globalization, Democracy. and terrorism. Even the Bombay High Court ridiculed this level of surveillance, noting that the idea that it was a “security risk” was indeed “comical”.

***

Most convicts and sub-trials in India are from Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, OBC and minority backgrounds. “The majority of the prison population…did not have equal access to education and resources,” notes Baljeet Kaur, a researcher with Project 39A. She adds that education through literature can thus “help prisoners rebuild themselves and reintegrate into society”. [and] better processes for faster release of prisoners into society.

Prison libraries and education programs then become a real right. While society shares responsibility for pushing the individual to the point of involvement in crime, “it is society and, in particular, the duty of the prison administration to provide opportunities for education and the development of skills to the prisoner,” says Baljeet.

These programs also become ways to decongest overcrowded prisons or distract from a slow judicial process. Bolivia’s “Books Behind Bars” program, for example, hopes to address overcrowding in prisons by letting inmates out earlier, allowing the system to treat those in prison with more immediate care.

Education, in itself, also works to detach the individual emotionally and mentally from the system; the place of healing then lies in mental health. It is difficult to empirically show the psychological consequences of incarceration; this is due to a lack of record keeping and limited data. But a common trend, in India and other societies, is of increasing mental health problems and suicides among prisoners. Isolation; exposure to violence; lack of access to care; and a sterile environment that encloses the individual in concrete walls are all linked to mood disorders, depression and anxiety. A Project 39A report found that nearly 62.2% of death row inmates suffered from mental illness; 11% had an intellectual disability.

Perhaps the gravity of the emotional toll is best articulated by Michel Foucault, who in Monitor and punish: the birth of the prisonwrote, “Penalties like imprisonment — mere deprivation of liberty — have never worked without some additional element of punishment which certainly concerns the body itself: food rationing, sexual deprivation, corporal punishment, isolation… It thus remains a trace of “torture” in the modern mechanisms of criminal justice.

If the prison institution locks up the mind, rehabilitation also requires cognitive reintegration; a healing that also applies to the mind and the emotions. Reading becomes one of these means; for those deprived of pre-prison learning and cognitive skills, engaging in reading and education is seen as a course correction.

For Mildred, an inmate at Obrajes Women’s Prison in the mountainous city of La Paz in Bolivia, learning to read was like escaping prison walls. “When I read, I am in contact with the whole universe. Walls and bars disappear.

Mildred’s experience is echoed in the Critical Survey, “Reading for life”: prison reading groups in practice and theory, research has presented evidence of how a rich and varied reading regimen can significantly improve inmates’ quality of life and directly treat their depression. Two things happened when inmates had access to literature: they said they were happier, even more self-aware. A “significant proportion” even found that certain texts helped them access parts of themselves; they have rediscovered old or forgotten memories, suppressed or inaccessible ways of thinking, feeling and experiencing.


Related to The Swaddle:

How radical kindness can be a transformative tool for change


Moreover, the violence of a prison state is terribly isolating. As Dadoo explained, “When you isolate someone, you are completely unaware of the evil they have lived with. it allows the state and society to absolve themselves of their responsibility to address the social situation they have created and perpetuated. The individual stays in a cage while the system forgets. But prison libraries boldly oppose the violence of confinement; they bring people together, creating community groups in a punitive setting. Dr. Rishi Kumar Tiwari, who announced the mission of Indian libraries by establishing more than 11 prison libraries, called these spaces “cultural community centers”. “They can see libraries as a place where they can spend their free time productively and ultimately this will help their rehabilitation,” he added.

In her letters, Kalita remembers old notebooks and indistinct scribbles on the backs of worn copies. The Gita press dominates most of the shelves, but the works of Amrita Pritam, Premchand, Gabriel García Márquez, Isabelle Allende fight for space. “There are prayers, notes for loved ones, attempts to learn to write, traces of lives lived within these walls,” she says.

Literature invokes powerful feelings. Renewed empathy alleviates the internal conflict of guilt and helplessness that people may face. “For prisoners who have often struggled with notions of the impact their actions have on others, this is an essential part of their rehabilitation,” as some have noted.

Crime, poverty and marginalization are socially constructed, yet we limit the conversation to the individual when we talk about punishment. Softer interventions like reading can reframe the narrative of looking at an imprisoned individual with stigma and almost like an “evil” being, Baljeet notes.

It is important to note that these programs can very easily turn into insincerity, as they still exist in the existing prison system. “The process of self-care and healing is a very personal experience,” Kaur notes, urging caution against any “one for all” framework. These interventions can never exist as concessions in the absence of decent living conditions, strict bond requirements and a better judicial process.

In Crime and Punishment, which speaks of the friction between the individual and society, Dostoyevsky pointedly notes: “[People] believe that a social system that sprang from a mathematical brain will organize all mankind at once and make them righteous and sinless in an instant, faster than any living process! … The living soul asks for life; the soul will not obey the rules of mechanics.

]]>
Best reference books and apps of 2022 May https://litary.net/best-reference-books-and-apps-of-2022-may/ Wed, 11 May 2022 21:32:26 +0000 https://litary.net/best-reference-books-and-apps-of-2022-may/

This list is for the best reference books and apps. We’ll do our best to make sure you understand this Best Reference Books and Apps list. I hope you like this list Best reference books and apps. So let’s start:

Table of Contents: Best Reference Books and Apps

The quote above is correctly quoted because reading is said to enlighten the mind with a lot of learning and knowledge and bring a broader perception of our thoughts. Reading opens the possibility of so many doors, such as increased vocabulary, knowledge, better communication skills and so much more. If you are a reader, you know how much a bookmark impacts a person and how to get addicted to the habit of reading. It helps you grow mentally and emotionally and increases your confidence in different aspects of life.

Books are considered our best friends. Indeed, friends are an integral part of life and they enrich our minds with the deepest knowledge, sometimes guiding us and teaching us many things. Likewise, books always have our backs, and if we read them carefully, the knowledge embedded in a book can be as important to us as a best friend in our lives.

There are various reference books and apps where you can explore many books from different genres, meet and be inspired by like-minded book lovers, and even share book recommendations with others. So today we bring you the best reference books and apps.

Check out the list of the best reference books and apps

Wattpad: read and write stories online

The best place to work both reading and writing is Wattpad. If you’re a reader, you don’t need to spend hours in the library looking for the right book for your niche, Wattpad can help! It has different genres like: Fanfiction, Romance, Rom-Coms, Paranormal, Werewolf and whatever you want! Enjoy reading millions of exciting true stories for free, and if you want to read later at your leisure, you can save and read anytime, anywhere in offline mode.

If you think Wattpad is only for reading and not for writing, you are wrong! Wattpad is for any new writer who wants their work to be published and recognized by other readers and writers. It helps you improve your writing skills and encourages you to write for other writers on the app.

Therefore, Wattpad is a perfect place to dive into if you enjoy reading and writing.

  • read offline
  • Explore different genres.
  • Save your favorite stories
  • Interact with like-minded readers and writers.

Audible: audiobooks and podcasts

Do you also read books, but do you like to listen to stories? What are you waiting for, download audiobooks now! This application provides its users with audiobooks of different stories and genres. From fantasy to true crime, plug in your headphones and immerse yourself in the stories.

Besides audiobooks, there are amazing podcasts from popular speakers that will make you want to listen to them. You will never be bored using this app as it will captivate you like never before! Audiobooks can also be your child’s bedtime story companion as it contains several children’s stories and an audiobook as well. It’s always a pleasure to hear your author read their best books, so don’t miss the audiobooks!

Main characteristics:

  • listen to books
  • discover the podcasts
  • Listen anytime, anywhere

ReadEra – pdf, epub, word book reader

This is a great app for all bibliophiles! You can read different e-books from different authors in PDF format, download them to your phone and it’s free too! Isn’t that a lot? Some quotes grab your attention as soon as you read them, and to fix that, how can you highlight your favorite quote in an eBook? Don’t worry, ReadEra has an awesome “Quote” feature that allows readers to quote or highlight their favorite excerpts and lines from the book.

Featured offers are stored in the “Offers” section of the app. Speaking of general settings, from font size to font weight, everything is under your control and you can change it to your liking.

  • Main features: Read your favorite books and documents
  • Highlight your favorite quotes
  • Switch to dark or light mode
  • add bookmarks

Amazon Kindle: e-books and more

Have a library in your pocket with an Amazon Kindle subscription. You can read thousands of books of different types, from textbooks to series, all in one app! You can explore all genres of ebooks from your favorite Indian and international authors. They have e-books in English and Hindi, depending on your preference.

What would you say to offering “e-books” to your bibliophile friends on their birthday? With Kindle, it’s possible! One feature that sets this app apart is that you can gift e-books to other book lovers.

If you love to read comics, don’t worry, Kindle has comic book ebooks too! Most book apps don’t have comics, but this app has everything you need. This app has the right features that give you information about reading, books and authors. A perfect blend of the literary world.

Main characteristics:

  • All types of books: fiction and non-fiction.
  • gift ebooks
  • hindi books
  • known authors

Pratilipi – World of stories

From history to horror, you can join over 20 of these genres. If you don’t want to read the whole book, you can read the synopsis/story summary. Apart from that, the books can be downloaded and read in offline mode.

There are many authors with whom readers and authors can discuss, gain knowledge and seek inspiration. Isn’t this a great way to check out your idol without hassle? It’s true. For all those budding readers and writers, Pratilipi is the right place to nurture and develop your interest in the literary field. So, download Pratilipi now and explore the world of stories!

Main characteristics:

  • 12 different languages ​​to read and write
  • A “Make in India” app
  • More than 60 lakh stories
  • 20 genres

Lithium: EPUB reader

Read your favorite books or novels on your phones with the help of Lithium: EPUB Reader. It offers a wide range of interesting books to gift its readers and develop their interest in reading. You may understand the importance of highlighting excerpts, lines, and quotes from the book you’re reading, but how is it possible to do this in e-books? In Lithium you can highlight rows and make notes of them for future reference.

Users can change book settings such as text alignment and text size. If you are a night reader then you can switch to night mode theme or if you don’t want the theme to be dark you can also switch to light mode theme.

Main characteristics:

  • variety of books
  • Access to general settings
  • dark/light mode
  • can take notes

Google playbooks and audiobooks

A must have app for all readers! It includes all your favorite books from established authors and you can read them on any device. It gives you personalized recommendations to help new readers and it allows you to immerse yourself in many books. The main feature that many book apps lack and this app offers is that you can pick up where you left off last time. Isn’t it amazing? You can create your bookshelves by arranging different genres of books like: self-help, religion, romance, emotions on each shelf.

Bookmark and type your favorite quotes, which will sync to your Google Drive for future reference. Application settings are flexible, such as font size, style, and light/dark mode. You can track your reading progress as the number of remaining pages and the percentage of the book read are displayed on the screen.

Kuku FM – Audiobooks and Stories

You can choose any audiobook from a collection of over 1,000 stories, autobiographies, self-help books, thrillers, and murder mysteries. Gone are the days when it took so long to finish a book. Kuku FM offers audiobook summaries to help you finish a book in a day and all relevant details about the book. So you know the book in less time!

Kuku FM is an app for every generation and when we say it, we mean it! Plug in your headphones and listen to spiritual audiobooks like the Ramayana and Mahabharat. In the morning, listen to the soothing Hanuman Chalisa and all kinds of religious songs to relax your soul. In addition to listening to audiobooks, you can learn and grow by listening to some of the toughest professional courses, competitions, and state tests.

good reads

This app is the largest reading and book recommendation site in the world. You can find, rate and review the books you like or dislike and comment on what you think. Discover more books of different genres, share them with your friends and see what books they make by following them.

You can scan the cover of your favorite book to get more information about the book, its author, reviews and save it to your bookshelf list. The app automatically recommends books you like based on your search history and reading habits. The advantage of Goodreads is that it helps you keep track of the books you’ve read so far and the books you want to read.

Inkitt: books, novels and short stories

Discover a wide range of fiction and non-fiction books with this app. Rom-Coms, Crime, Thrill, Sci-Fi, Spiritual and many more types of books. It also serves as a platform for aspiring writers to publish their work and for users to read it. It helps new writers gain recognition, recognition and appreciation as this platform has over 2 million readers and writers. Isn’t this a great way for your work to be recognized?

The general settings of the application are under the control of the reader and the reader can customize the background and the font according to his preferences. There are three types of themes: white (light mode), black (dark mode) and eggshell mode. Readers can even read books offline by downloading them.

Final Words: Best Reference Books and Apps

I hope you understand and like this list Best reference books and apps, if your answer is no, you can ask anything via the contact forum section linked to this article. And if your answer is yes, please share this list with your family and friends.

]]>
Brighton Festival: a strong global program of books and debates https://litary.net/brighton-festival-a-strong-global-program-of-books-and-debates/ Wed, 11 May 2022 06:05:00 +0000 https://litary.net/brighton-festival-a-strong-global-program-of-books-and-debates/
Michael Rosen

The Brighton Festival continues its reputation as a leading platform to engage in lively discussion and debate with 35 books and debate events for all ages from 7-29 May.

Spokesperson Claire Andrews said: “Highlights include one of this year’s Festival co-directors, Syrian architect and author Marwa Al-Sabouni, examining the role architecture can play in creating a community during a discussion around her latest book, Building for Hope, on May 14. At a joint event with the 2021 Charleston Festival Nobel Prize in Literature winner, Abdulrazak Gurnah will discuss the inspiration behind his work and his childhood in Zanzibar on May 19; and former Brighton Festival guest director Michael Rosen, along with Cressida Cowell and AM Dassu are among the authors exploring their latest books and sharing their inspiration via our Young Readers program from May 7-29.

Register to our daily newsletter SussexWorld Today

The COP Conversations and Global Conversations online series offer Brighton Festival audiences new perspectives on nature, identity and new realities for just £5 a ticket. The Change our Planet (COP) series is inspired by Marwa Al-Sabouni’s references to generational differences in Building for Hope. The Brighton Festival will explore the potential of finding game-changing solutions via an intergenerational approach, with conversations between Trafik author Rikki Ducornet and Libia Brenda, literary critic and first Mexican woman nominated for the prestigious Hugo Award for the anthology A Larger Reality /Una realidad más amplia, which she edited.

This year’s Global Conversations will allow for cross-border dialogue between some of the most creative minds on the planet, including Ghanaian architect Cecil Abbey in conversation with Asian-British architect Kieren Majhail on cities of the future on 21 May. In Moving Spaces, British author Anita Sethi joins acclaimed Malaysian author Tan Twan Eng on May 15 to explore ideas of belonging and how our natural environments shape our life experiences.

The Festival of Ideas returns in partnership with the University of Sussex and the Attenborough Center for the Creative Arts (ACCA), through a series of thought-provoking screenings and discussions that explore new ways of thinking about the past, present and future. coming. The series includes the untold story of 1990s anarcho-pop band Chumbawamba in I Get Knocked Down on May 18 and Making Space, a panel discussion on May 16 that explores some of the imaginative ways that curators, artists and activists have used to combat cultural inequalities in public art institutions.

Discover the city through the eyes of its youngest residents with The Book of Brighton & Hove on May 24. A guide like no other, this collaborative project written by 200 schoolchildren across the city reveals their favorite places, hopes and fears for the city at a time of great uncertainty. The project debuts at Riwaq, a bespoke temporary arts space based in Hove Lawns which hosts an eclectic program of free cultural and community events during the Festival.

In Thrones & Bones on May 16, Tasha Suri and Samantha Shannon, authors of popular series Burning Kingdoms and Bone Season respectively, read excerpts from their work and discuss how speculative fiction can help us understand the value of life. humanity, justice and fear of the unknown.

On May 21, acclaimed writer Leone Ross shares his atmospheric novel This One Sky Day (shortlisted for the Ondaatje Prize and the Woman’s Prize). Its memorable characters live in the sunset-pink world of Popisho, held in check by the Fateful, an incredibly funky council of visionary women. In conversation with Naana Orleans-Amissah, creative strategist and host of the found IG series, ART, Leone shares her gripping third novel and how place creates reality.

Discover the full program on brightonfestival.org

]]>
Polk Schools will discuss the future of 16 books pulled from libraries https://litary.net/polk-schools-will-discuss-the-future-of-16-books-pulled-from-libraries/ Tue, 10 May 2022 12:42:00 +0000 https://litary.net/polk-schools-will-discuss-the-future-of-16-books-pulled-from-libraries/

LAKELAND, Fla. — The future of 16 books pulled from the shelves of Polk County Public Schools school libraries could be decided by school board members in two Tuesday meetings.

In a business session at 3:30 p.m., Superintendent Frederick Heid is expected to share his recommendation with the board to return the 16 books to library shelves to “age-appropriate” capacities. Some of the titles would be reserved for older classes.

Polk County Public Schools

At a 5 p.m. board meeting, board members could vote to accept or reject Heid’s recommendation. Additionally, board members could choose not to vote at all.

The books have sparked often heated and intense debate between those who claim they are important works of literature and those who believe they are unsuitable for a student audience.

Books include the harrowing story of an abused young black girl who experiences racism and sexual abuse, “The Bluest Eye”; an illustrated guide to puberty, gender and LGBTQ identity, “It’s Perfectly Normal”; and the traumatic story of an Afghan boy, “The Kite Runner”. Library books are not “required reading” for Polk County students.

Polk Schools books.png

WFTS

At a meeting on April 26, more than a dozen speakers argued that the books should be permanently removed from school library shelves. One speaker compared the books to rat poison and said that while they are considered art and literature – and include innocuous parts – they also include explicit passages that could corrupt the mind. young students.

“Why would you do that?” another speaker, Paul Hatfield, asked the council. “Why would you mess their minds with that crap?”

In January, the County Citizens Defending Freedom (CCDF), a conservative group that said its mission was to “hold local governments accountable,” challenged the books, although the actual challenge forms were filled out by people in the area. other counties, according to one district. spokesperson. The petitioners argued that the books violate Florida law that prohibits the distribution of material on school campuses that is “harmful to minors.”

RELATED:

As a result, the books were quickly removed from the shelves of district school libraries to allow the district to formally review them.

Over the next few months, two 18-member panels made up of educators, students, activists and parents reviewed the 16 titles in a structured and transparent process.

Some, like Kathy Bucklew – a member of one of the panels and a representative of the CCDF – have argued that books like “The Kite Runner” are unsuitable for a student audience.

“For me, the first clue that it’s not suitable for children under 18 was…when words were used that CARA – the Ratings and Ratings Administration for Motion Pictures – generally reserves for NC- 17 – no one under 18 is allowed,” she said. on March 10 a review of the novel.

However, the vast majority of panelists seemed to agree that the books have literary and educational value.

“It’s a coming-of-age story told from the beginning to the end of life, and there are so many messages about compassion and atonement,” said Nicole Grassel-Torres, teacher and Haines City High School panelist, during the same discussion on “The Kite” in March.

In the end, panelists voted to have all 16 books return to libraries in various “age-appropriate” capacities.

In his recommendations to the school board, Superintendent Heid overwhelmingly agreed with the panelists’ votes.

His recommendation, overall, maintains the 16 books at the grade levels where they were available before the review. However, his recommendation would restrict two of the books — currently available in middle and high school — to high school students only, “Nineteen Minutes” and “The Bluest Eye.” His recommendation would restrict another book currently available for students of all grades — “Drama” — to middle and high school students. It would expand access to two more titles, “George” and “More Happy Than Not”.

“I think what we’ve done is acted in good faith to honor grade level expectations, allowing parents to make informed decisions,” Heid told council members during an April 26 business session.

According to the school district, at Tuesday’s board meeting, the board could vote to accept or reject the superintendent’s recommendation. Council members could also choose to do nothing.

“The school board is responsible for adopting the curriculum/teaching materials and any other supplements used as part of basic education. Schools have always been responsible for adopting media materials,” district communications director Jason Geary wrote in an email to ABC Action News. “As such, the school board is not required to vote on the superintendent’s recommendations.”

See the full list of the Superintendent’s recommendations below:

Polk Schools super book recs.png

Polk County Public Schools

Polk Schools super book recs2.png

Polk County Public Schools

Additionally, the superintendent said a parent already has the ability to limit their student’s access to any library books they deem inappropriate.

“What we will allow is that there will be an electronic connection where parents can connect. They will be able to connect to their child’s school and they will be able to see all the books in a current library. Parents can then make an informed decision and remove their child from certain books by clicking and checking the boxes next to them,” Heid said.

He added that the process will be simplified and widely publicized before the start of the 2022-2023 school year.

According to a recent I-Team survey, across the country, the number of books challenged last year at libraries, schools and universities reached 729, a record according to the American Library Association.

Across Florida, ABC Action News found — while school districts received challenges — that the majority of districts are not inundated with book challenges or subsequent removals of books from library shelves.

]]>